Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Ligustrum australianum F.Muell.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1865) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 20. Type: Dalrymple Gap, Rockingham Bay, J. Dallachy(?).


Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Yellowish brittle stripes in the blaze.


Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Leaf bearing twigs rather slender, about 1-2 mm diam. Pale coloured lenticels usually visible on the twigs. Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.6-4 cm. Reduced leaves (resembling stipules) may be visible on the new growth.


Calyx about 1 mm long, the lobes inconspicuous. Corolla about 4-5 mm long, the lobes about the same length as the corolla tube. Stamens not exceeding the corolla. Ovules pendulous, 2 per locule. Stigmas projecting beyond the corolla tube.


Fruits globular, about 6-7 mm diam.


Cotyledons broadly elliptic to orbicular, about 10-15 x 7-15 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade ovate, about 15-20 mm long, glabrous on the upper surface. Seed germination time 14 to 38 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland. Occurs in NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from 50-850 m. Usually grows on the margins of drier, more seasonal rain forest.

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