Marsdenia viridiflora R.Br.
Brown, R. (1810), Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 461. Brown, R. (1810), On the Asclepiadeae: 19. Type: "In Nova Hollandia, intra tropicum, (ubi v.v.)" Lectotype: Queensland, Port Curtis District: Broad Sound, Thirsty Sounde-inner entrance, R. Brown s.n., 24 Sep. 1802 (Iter Australiense 2885) (with the words 'Marsdenia viridiflora R.Br. Prod. xx' in Brown's hand along the bottom of the sheet): BM (photo at BRI); isolecto: CANB (278893)). Forster, P.I., Australian Systematic Botany 8(5): 786, (1995).
Bush Banana; Pear, Native; Banana, Bush; Magabala; Native Pear
A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
All plant parts produce a copious white exudate. Leaf blades rather thick, about 3-8.5 x 0.4-4.5 cm, petioles about 0.4-2.5 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. About 2-4 colleters (small finger-like glands) present on the upper surface of the midrib near its junction with the petiole. Lateral veins about 10-18 on each side of the midrib forming loops near the blade margin. Small stipule-like glands usually present on the twigs between the petiole bases.
Flowers about 5-7 mm diam. Peduncles about 3-15 mm long. Pedicels about 5-13 mm long. Calyx lobes about 1.5-3 mm long. Small stalked glands present on the inner surface near the junction of adjacent lobes. Corolla tube about 2-3 mm long with scattered long hairs in the throat, lobes about 1.5-3 mm long, right hand margins overlapping. Staminal corona scales +/- peltate, certainly cordate. Anther connective extended beyond the anther as a thin membranous halo or cowl. Pollen grains aggregated in pollinia, one in each anther locule. Carpels 2, each about 1-1.5 mm long.
Features not available.
There are two subspecies of this taxon that occur in the region covered by this treatment. Marsdenia viridiflora R.Br. subsp. viridiflora and Marsdenia viridiflora subsp. tropica P.I.Forst. Marsdenia viridiflora R.Br. subsp. viridiflora occurs in woodland, Brigalow scrub, vine thickets and dry rainforest north from Forty Mile Scrub N.P. (SW of Cairns), north Qld, to the Razorback Range (S of Sydney), NSW, and west to Narrabri area, NSW, and Carnarvon N.P., Qld. Marsdenia viridiflora subsp. tropica P.I.Forst. occurs in tropical north Qld (Townsville north), NT and WA, and New Guinea. It grows in open forest or rarely in vine thickets.
The subspecies are distinguished by flower size (Forster 1995):
Flowers 3-3.5 mm long; sepals 1.5-2 mm long; corolla lobes 1.8-2 mm long
..........................................M. subsp. viridiflora
Flowers 4-5 mm long; sepals 2.5-3.5 mm long; corolla lobes 2-3 mm long
Pergularia viridiflora (R.Br.) Spreng., Systema Vegetabilium 1: 844, (1824).
Bidaria leptophylla F.Muell., Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria 3: 60 (1859). Type: "At the sources of the Burdeken River." Marsdenia leptophylla F.Muell. ex Benth., Flora Australiensis 4: 340 (1868), Type: "Queensland. Burdekin River, F. Mueller. A single specimen in Herb. Hook." Leichardtia leptophylla (Benth.) Bullock., Kew Bulletin 11(2): 287 (1956).