Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Mischocarpus anodontus (F.Muell.) Radlk.

Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and inflorescences. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and inflorescences. © G. Sankowsky
Herbarium sheet. CC-BY: ATH.
Herbarium sheet with inflorescences. CC-BY: ATH.
Herbarium sheet: flowers. CC-BY: ATH.

Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879), Actes du Congres International de Botanistes .. Amsterdam for 1877: 113.

Common name

Veiny Pear fruit, Pear fruited Tamarind, Few leaved Brush Apple


Shrub or small tree to 10 m high. Buds and young stems densely appressed hairy, stems and leaves quickly becoming hairless.


Leaves alternate, pinnately compound. Stipules absent. Petioles 1-4 cm long ± swollen at its junction with the twig. Leaflets 2 or 4, alternate, subopposite or opposite, terminal leaflet absent, distal pair of leaflets sometimes opposite, rachis projecting shortly beyond last leaflet. Petiolules 1-10 mm long, with a prominent swelling at base at the junction with the compound leaf rhachis. Leaflet blades broad-elliptic to ovate, usually 5-14 cm long, 2-8 cm wide; base cuneate or obtuse, becoming shortly attenuate, margins entire, apex acuminate, often bluntly so, rarely acute or obtuse. Surfaces hairless. Lateral veins 7-11 pairs. Domatia are foveoles, 1-3 present on lower surface.


Inflorescences axillary, paniculate. Flowers usually functionally unisexual, monoecious, actinomorphic, 3-5 mm diam. Calyx of 5 sepals, cupular to about half way, lobes up to c. 1.5 mm long, outside sparsely hairy, light green. Petals absent. Male flowers with usually 8 (7-9) strongly exserted stamens, 1-3 mm long, and a rudimentary ovary. Female flowers with ± 8 staminodes, disc a continuous but wavy glabrous to sparsely hairy ring of tissue; ovary superior, 3-locular, hairy; style branching at apex into 3-lobed recurved stigma.


Fruit an unlobed or 2 lobed capsule, depressed-globose to obovoid, 2-3 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, red, orange or yellow, hairy inside. Seed 1 per lobe, ellipsoid to globose, up to 11 mm long; aril fleshy, red to pinkish purple, almost completely covering seed; testa dark brown.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards to north eastern New South Wales. Grows in rainforest communities, often on ridges and hillsides.

Natural History & Notes

This profile information and associated coding has been adapted from Cooper & Cooper (2004), Reynolds (1985), Ham (1977a) and Harden et al. (2014).

Schmidelia anodonta F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 1(1): 2, (1858), Type: "Ad sinum Moreton Bay secus rivos, W. Hill." Cupania anodonta F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 2(13): 76, (1860). Ratonia anodonta (F.Muell.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 461, (1863).
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.