Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Mischocarpus lachnocarpus (F.Muell.) Radlk.

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flowers. © Barry Jago
Fruit, two views and dehiscing. © W. T. Cooper
Fruit and dehiscing fruit. © Barry Jago
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879) Actes du Congres International de Botanistes .. Amsterdam for 1877 : 113.

Common name

Apple, Woolly Brush; Woolly Brush Apple; Woolly Fruited Mischocarp; Woolly Pear Fruit


Seldom grows beyond 30 cm dbh.


Twigs and compound leaf axis densely clothed in rusty brown, +/- erect hairs. About 2-6 shortly stalked leaflets per compound leaf, each leaflet blade about 5-14.5 x 2.5-7 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Midrib usually hairy on the upper surface.


Petals absent. Stamens eight. Disk annular, puberulous.


Fruits villous or velvety on the outer surface, about 1.3-2 cm long (including the stipe) x 0.6-2 cm. Capsule subglabrous inside, sutures slightly villous. Seeds about 7-8 x 6 mm, completely enveloped by the aril.


First pair of leaves ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, blades about 5-25 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf or leaflet blades ovate or ovate-elliptic, about 6-8 cm long, upper surface hairy along midrib; petiole, terminal bud and stem clothed in rusty, upright hairs. Seed germination time 36 to 88 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1100 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Cupania lachnocarpa (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 6(1865). Ratonia lachnocarpa F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 157(1864), Type: In silvis pone sinum litoreum Rockingham Bay. Dallachy. Lecto: MEL, fide R. W. J. M. van der Ham, Blumea 23: 268 (1977).
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.