Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Mischocarpus pyriformis (F.Muell.) Radlk. subsp. pyriformis

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Female flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Male flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves, female flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves, male flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Fruit, side view, dehiscing, arillous seed and seed. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Ham, R.W.J.M. van der (1977) Blumea 23: 276.

Common name

amarind, Pear Fruited; Pear Fruited Mischocarp; Apple, Brush; Brush Apple; Yellow Pear Fruit; Pear Fruited Tamarind


Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.


Leaflets about 4-8 in the compound leaf, each leaflet blade about 6.5-18 x 2.5-8 cm. Midrib depressed and leaflet stalks channelled on the upper surface. Lateral veins usually forming loops inside the blade margin. Leaflet stalk swollen at its junction with the compound leaf rhachis. Reticulate veins forming a fine network on both upper and lower surfaces.


Petals about 2-2.5 x 0.8 mm. Stamens eight. Disk cupular, glabrous.


Fruits glabrous, about 1.6-1.8 cm long (including the stipe) x 0.6-0.8 cm. Capsules glabrous on the inner surface. Seeds about 9-10 x 8 mm, almost completely enveloped by the aril.


First pair of leaves ovate or orbicular, blades about 25-35 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf or leaflet blades ovate or elliptic, about 70-80 mm long, glabrous; petiole and rhachis of compound leaf and terminal bud clothed in very short, brown hairs. Seed germination time 8 to 17 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1200 m. Grows in drier, more seasonal rain forest and well developed rain forest on a variety of sites but probably more common on upland and mountain sites.

Mischocarpus pyriformis (F.Muell.) Radlk., Actes du Congres International de Botanistes .. Amsterdam for 1877 : 113(1879). Cupania pyriformis (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4(27): 156(1864). Ratonia pyriformis (F.Muell.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 461(1863). Schmidelia pyriformis F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 1: 2(1858), Type: Ad Moreton Bay. Hill & Mueller. Lecto: MEL fide R. W. J. M. van der Ham, Blumea 23: 275 (1977). Cupania laurifolia Ettingsh., Die Blatt-Skelete der Dikotyledonen : 289(1861), Type: Hastings River, N.S.W., May 1819, A. Cunningham 24 (BRI, NSW, iso).
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