Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Family Profile
Family Description

A family of about 27 genera and 200-270 species, pantropic, well developed in the southern hemisphere where some species extend into temperate regions; 8 genera occur naturally in Australia.


Austromatthaea - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Smith (1969); Whiffin & Foreman (2007).

Hedycarya - A genus of about 11 species in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific islands; two species occur naturally in Australia. Jeremie (1978); Whiffin & Foreman (2007); White (1933).

Hemmantia - A monotypic genus, known from a single locality in NE Qld. Whiffin & Foreman (2007).

Levieria - A genus of about seven species in Malesia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Philipson (1980, 1986); Whiffin & Foreman (2007).

Palmeria - A genus of about 15 species in Malesia and Australia; five species occur naturally in Australia. Philipson (1986); Whiffin & Foreman (2007); Guymer (2008).

Pendressia - A monotypic genus endemic to Australia. Ford & Whiffin (2018).

Steganthera - A genus of about 18 species in Malesia, Australia and the Solomon Islands; five species occur naturally in Australia. Endress (1979); Philipson (1984); Whiffin & Foreman (2007).

Wilkiea - A genus of about twelve or more species mainly in Australia, with one species in New Guinea. Cooper & Cooper (2004); Harden et al. (2014); Philipson (1986, 1993); Whiffin & Foreman (2007).


Cooper, Wendy & Cooper, William T. (2004) Fruits of the Australian tropical rainforest, Nokomis Publications, Clifton Hill, Vic.

Endress, P.K. (1979). A second species of Steganthera (Monimiaceae) from Australia. Blumea 25:315-318.

Ford, A. & Whiffin, T. (2018). Pendressia, nom. nov. (Monimiaceae), a new generic name for Wilkiea wardellii from north-east Queensland. Telopea 21: 147-151.

Guymer, G.P. (2008), Notes on Palmeria F.Muell. (Monimiaceae) in Australia and the application of the name Palmeria racemosa (Tul.) A.DC. Austrobaileya 7(4): 731-733.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden Publishing.

Jeremie, J. (1978). Etude des Monimiaceae: revision du genre Hedycarya. Adansonia, Ser. 2, 18:25-53.

Perkins, J.R. (1898). Beitrõge zur Kenntnis der Monimiaceae - I. Ueber die Gliederung de Gattungen der Mollinedieae. Botanishe Jahrbucher fur Systematik 25:547-576.

Philipson, W.R. (1980). A revision of Levieria (Monimiaceae). Blumea 26:373-385.

Philipson, W.R. (1984). A synopsis of the Malesian species of Steganthera (Monimiaceae). Blumea 29:481-497.

Philipson, W.R. (1986). Monimiaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 10, (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers: Dordrecht.), pp. 255-326.

Smith, L.S. (1958). New species of and notes on Queensland plants - III. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 69:43-51.

Smith, L.S. (1969). New species of and notes on Queensland plants, V. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium No. 6:1-25.

Whiffin, T. & Foreman, D. (2007). Monimiaceae. Flora of Australia 2: 65-91.

White, C.T. (1933). Ligneous plants collected for the Arnold Arboretum in North Queensland by S.F. Kajewski in 1929. Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 4:1-113.

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