Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack
Jack, W. (1820) Malay Misc. 1: 31.
Orange Jasmine; Orange Jessamine; Box, China; China Box; Cosmetic Barktree; Jasmine, Orange; Orange, Mock; Mock Orange
Usually grows into a small, poorly formed tree not exceeding 30 cm dbh but also flowers and fruits as a shrub. Blaze very finely layered.
Cotyledons ovate or elliptic, thick and fleshy without any obvious venation. Oil dots numerous. First pair of leaves simple, margins crenate, oil dots numerous. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades +/- orbicular, oil dots numerous and closely spaced, midrib slightly raised on the upper surface. Stem bark pale and corky. Seed germination time 68 to 95 days.
Murraya paniculata as described here includes a number of variable forms which are sometimes identified as separate species by different botanists. Native forms often with small leaves are sometimes referred to as Murraya ovatifoliolata but are included here under M. paniculata. Exotic plants in cultivation and sometimes escaping are also included in Murraya paniculata. Further research is required to resolve the uncertainty around how these forms are classified and whether they warrant recognition as separate species.
A small tree that has potential for cultivation in gardens in drier areas. Flowers are greenish yellow.
This species may have medicinal properties.