Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser

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Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Flowers and buds. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Bosser, J. (1984) Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris, section B, Adansonia 3: 247.

Common name

Leichhardt Pine; Laran; Kelampayan; Burrflower Tree; Kadam; Labula


Blaze finely layered and dead bark layered. Blaze darkens on exposure.


Stipules tapering to a point at the apex. Cream or pale brown glands resembling insect eggs normally present on the inner surface at the base of each stipule. Leaf blades about 13-36 x 8-18 cm.


Flowers in spherical heads, about 2.5-4 cm diam. Calyx about 5-8 mm long. Corolla tube about 8 mm long, lobes about 2-3 mm long. Ovary 2-locular in the basal part, but 4-locular in the upper part. Styles and stigmas cream.


Fruit multiple, fused into a head about 2-4.5 cm diam. Seeds very small, about 1 mm long, cylindrical, testa thin and rugose.


Cotyledons broadly elliptic to +/- orbicular, about 3 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf upper surface and petiole clothed in very short hairs; stipules interpetiolar, apex acuminate with short, inconspicuous hairs along the margin. Seed germination time 35 to 182 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 250 m. Grows in dry rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

Natural History & Notes

Under good conditions, this species grows to a large tree and has been cultivated in SE Asia as a timber tree.

Leaf material of this species was active against some tumors. Collins et al. (1990).

Sarcocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Kurz, Forest Flora of British Burma 2: 63(1877). Nauclea cadamba Roxb., Flora Indica 1 (2): 121(1824), Type: Rheede, Hort. Ind. Malabar. tab. 33 Katou-tsjaka (1678-1703). Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) A.Rich. ex Walp., Repert. 2: 491(1843), Type: Previously misapplied name. Anthocephalus morindaefolius Korth., Verh. nat. gesch. Ned. Bezitt. Bot. t. 48: 154(1842), Type: Korthals s.n., Melintang, Sumatra (L). Cephalanthus chinensis Lam., Encycl. Meth. 1: 678(1785), Type: Lectotype: Sonnerat s. n. Asia?.
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