Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Notelaea microcarpa R.Br.

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Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae : 524. Type: v.v. [given by P.S.Green, J. Arnold Arbor. 48 (1968) 354 as Queensland. .. PORT CURTIS DISTRICT: .. Broad Sound, 1803, R. Brown.

Common name

Olive, Small-fruited Mock; Velvet Mock Olive; Native Olive; Olive, Native; Olive, Velvet Mock; Small-fruited Mock Olive


A tree generally not exceeding 30 cm dbh. Brown, brittle layers in the blaze.


Leaf blade comparatively long and narrow, about 5-12 x 0.4-1.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin and almost forming an intramarginal vein.


Calyx about 0.3-0.6 mm long, lobes four (two long and two short). Corolla lobes about 1.4-2 mm long. Ovary about 1-1.5 mm long.


Fruits ovoid, about 5-10 x 4-8 mm. Endocarp hard, about 0.2-0.4 mm thick.


Cotyledons sessile, ovate to elliptic, apex mucronate, base obtuse. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade sessile, about 9-11 x 0.5-0.6 cm, apex acute or subulate, much paler on the undersurface. Seed germination time 23 to 168 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 300-800 m. Grows in monsoon forest and similar vegetation types.

Natural History & Notes

A small tree of drier forests and vine thickets, it has potential for attracting birds while in fruit.

Notelaea microcarpa R.Br. var. microcarpa, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 48: 355(1967).
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