Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb.
Urban, I. (1905) Symbollae Antillanae seu Fundamenta Florae Indiae Occidentalis : 311.
Mexican potato; Yam-bean; Potato-bean; Jicama; Ahipa
A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
Middle leaflet blade about 4.5-10 x 5-12 cm, stalk about 1.22-2.5 cm long. Lateral leaflet blades about 4.5-9 x 4.5-8 cm, stalks about 0.4-0.5 cm long. Compound leaf petiole about 3-10.5 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. Stipules about 3-4 mm long. Stipels filiform, about 3-4 mm long. Leaflet blades sparsely hairy on the underside, less hairy on the upper surface.
Inflorescence about 5-20 cm long, flowers in clusters of up to five. Pedicels about 5 mm long. Calyx about 8-10 mm long, the lobes about 5 mm long. Petals: standard blue to purplish, about 20 x 20 mm, apex emarginate; wings and keel about 20 mm long. Stamens 10, the filaments of nine stamens fused to form a tube open on one side. One stamen free. Base of the ovary surrounded by an irregular disk about 1-1.5 mm high. Ovary about 6-7 mm long, surface clothed in hairs. Style curved, about 15 mm long. Ovules about eight to ten.
Features not available.
Seeds and leaves poisonous (Austin, D. F. 1998. Poisonous Plants of Southern Florida).
Unpalatable to stock. Widely cultivated in the wet tropics for its edible tubers and pods, although tubers may sometimes be toxic. Seeds have been used as fish-poison. Hacker (1990).