Phyllanthus novae-hollandiae Mull.Arg.
Mueller Argoviensis, J. (1866) Prodromus 15: 346. Type: In Nova Hollandia orient. tropica ad Edgecombe-Bay (Ferd. Muell.! in hb. DC.).
Can grow into a tree-top vine but often flowers and fruits as a shrub about 2-3 m tall. Vine stem diameters to 9 cm recorded.
Leaf blades about 0.8-6.5 x 0.6-3 cm, produced on lateral shoots which resemble compound leaves. Leaves tend to be alternate and not spirally arranged on the twigs. Petioles about 0.5-5 mm long, slightly swollen and transversely wrinkled. Venation not always obvious. Stipules linear or narrowly triangular, about 1-2 mm long, margins minutely toothed.
Flowers about 3-4 mm diam. on slender pedicels about 3-5 mm long.
Cotyledons obovate, about 4-6 x 2-3 mm. First pair of leaves rather similar to the cotyledons. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves arranged on short shoots which resemble compound leaves and the individual leaves resemble leaflets. Leaf blade about 7-9 x 3-4 mm, glaucous on the underside. Stipules filiform, less than 1 mm long. Seed germination time 25 to 31 days.