Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Family Profile
Family Description

A Cosmopolitan family of ca. 90 genera and 1700 species, world wide mostly temperate regions.


Asarina - A genus of about one species in Europe; one species has become naturalised in Australia.

Callitriche - A genus of about 30 species of aquatic or semi-aquatic herbs; four species occur naturally in Australia, four are considered to be introduced. Jacobs in Harden (1992); Bean (2007).

Mecardonia - A genus of 10 species native to the Americas; one species naturalised in Australia.

Plantago - A cosmopolitan genus, with approximately 270 species; ca. 13 species in Australia and 10 naturalised species.

Scoparia - A genus of about 20 species in tropical America; one species has become naturalised in Australia. Stanley & Ross (1986); Barker & Telford (1993).

Stemodia - A genus of 56 species from both the Old and the New Worlds; 20 species in Australia with 19 endemic.

Veronica - A genus of about 90 species in Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand.


Albach, D. C., Meudt, H. M. & Oxelman, B. 2005. Piecing together the "new" Plantaginaceae. American Journal of Botany 92: 297-315. (Ongoing).

Aston, H.I. (1973), Aquatic Plants of Australia: 49-60

Backer, C.A. (1951) Callitrichaceae. Flora Malesiana Series I 4: 251-252

Barker, R.M. & Telford, I.R.H. (1993), Flora of Australia 50: 378

Bean, A.R. (2007) A taxonomic revision of Callitriche L. (Callitrichaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 7(3): 545-546

Mason, R. (1959) Callitriche in New Zealand and Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 7(3): 295-327

Orchard, A.E. (1980) Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 2: 191-194

Orchard, A.E. (1993), Flora of Australia 50: 373

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986). Scrophulariaceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 2, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 433-449.

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