Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Podocarpus elatus R.Br. ex Endl.

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Fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage, cotyledons still attached, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
Trunk. © G. Sankowsky

Endlicher, S.L. (1847) Synopsis Coniferarum : 213. Type: NSW, Hunter & Paterson Rivers, R. Brown Iter Austral. 3117; syn: BM; iso: K.

Common name

White Plum; Brown Pine; Goongum; Native Deal; Pencil Cedar; Pine; Pine, Plum; Pine, She; Pine, Yellow; Plum Pine; Plum, White; She Pine; White Pine; Yellow Pine; Pine, Brown


Blaze finely layered. Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh in CYP and NEQ.


Leaf blades about 3-18 x 0.5-1.2 cm. Midrib raised on the upper surface and petiole ridged on the upper surface. No lateral veins visible on either side of the midrib.


Male cones about 15 x 2 mm, peduncle nil or very short. Microsporophylls about 0.5-0.6 mm long.


Receptacle large and fleshy, about 20-25 x 20-25 mm, bluish-black when the fruit is ripe. Fruits about 15 x 12 mm. Seeds about 10-11 x 9-10 mm.


Cotyledons linear, about 15 x 2 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade linear, apex aristate, base attenuate, glabrous, midrib slightly raised on the upper surface, no lateral veins visible. Cataphylls produced among the true leaves. Seed germination time 34 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern New South Wales but rare in NEQ. Altitudinal range in CYP from near sea level to 600 m. Grows in well developed rain forest but is more abundant in drier rain forest.

Natural History & Notes

A useful carving timber. The timber of this species is useful and can be used for much the same purposes as Sundacarpus amara. Swain (1928).

A well known tree commonly planted in parks and larger gardens especially through out its southern range.

Nageia elata (Endl.) F.Muell., Select Plants readily eligible for Industrial Culture or Naturalisation in Victoria : 138(1876). Podocarpus ensifolius Carriere, Traite Generale des Coniferes : 456(1855), Type: Tasmania & Cape Grafton, 18 June 1821, A. Cunningham; holo: BM; iso: K.
RFK Code
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