Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Psydrax odorata f. foveolata S.T.Reynolds & R.J.F.Hend.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th lef stage. © CSIRO

Reynolds, S.T. & Henderson, R.J.F. (2004) Austrobaileya 6: 840. Type: Qld, Aeroglen, November 1978, R.L. Jago 221; Holo: QRS.

Common name

Alahe'e; Canthium, Shiny Leaved; Iamboto; Shiny Leaved Canthium


Usually flowers and fruits as a large shrub or small tree.


Leaf blades leathery, about 5.5-8 x 2.5-4 cm, gradually tapering into a very short petiole. Midrib raised on the upper surface. Foveoles small, cave-like, not present on all leaves and usually not touching the midrib. Stipules green, about 2-3 mm long, usually resinous, apex acute.


Flowers pleasantly perfumed, about 5-7 mm diam. Calyx tube very short, lobes short and broad, about 0.5 mm long. Corolla tube about 1.5-2 mm long, lobes about 2.5-3 mm long. Stamens attached to the apex of the corolla tube. Anthers about 2.5 mm long, filaments about 0.5 mm long. Style about 3 mm long. Stigma about 1 mm long, longitudinally grooved.


Fruit globose, about 5-6 mm diam. Seeds about 5 x 3-4 mm. Cotyledons about 1-1.2 mm long. Radicle curved to U-shaped, about 4-4.5 mm long.


Cotyledons oblong or narrowly elliptic, about 14-18 x 4-5 mm. First pair of leaves elliptic, about 10-13 x 5-7 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or slightly to broadly obovate, thick and leathery, margin recurved, midrib raised on the upper surface. Stipules oblong or triangular, about 2-4 mm long. Stem very shortly hairy, hairs spreading, visible only with a lens. Domatia absent. Seed germination time 24 to 29 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range in NEQ from near seal level to 780 m. Grows in monsoon forest, vine thickets and other vegetation types.

Psydrax odorata (G.Forst.) A.C.Sm. & S.P.Darwin, Flora Vitiensis Nova 4: 230(1988). Canthium odoratum (G.Forst.) Seem., Flora Vitiensis : 132(1868). Coffea odorata Forst. f., Fl. Ins. Austr. Prodr. : 16(1786), Type: Ins. Amicor.
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