Rhamnus napalensis (Wall.) M.A.Lawson
Lawson, M.A. (1875) J. D. Hooker, Flora of British India 1: 640.
Usually grows into a vine but also flowers and fruits as a shrub. Vine stem diameters to 5 cm recorded. Heartwood dark reddish brown, sapwood yellow or ochre.
Leaf blades broadly lanceolate to elliptic, about 7-11 x 2-4.5 cm, leaves alternately large and small. Petioles about 1-1.5 cm long, channelled on the upper surface. Lateral veins about 8-13, curving but not forming distinct loops inside the blade margin. Stipules linear, caducous, about 2-3 mm long, hairy. Domatia, if present, are small tufts of hair.
Cotyledons obreniform, about 9-10 x 12-14 mm, apex broadly retuse. Venation palmate with fine veins radiating from the base. First pair of leaves alternate, margins toothed (+/- serrate with the tip of each tooth bent inwards). At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade margin crenate, each tooth with a small gland or process on the inner edge. Stipules about 2 mm long, terete with thickened bases. Terminal buds densely clothed in short pale hairs, stems and petioles similarly clothed. Seed germination time 20 days.