Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Schizomeria whitei Mattf.

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Flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Fruit, three views and cross section. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Mattfield, J. (1939) Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 20: 435. Type: Lake Barrine, Atherton Tableland, im Regenwald am Seeufer, sich uber das Wasser neigend, 800m. U.M., Baum von mittlerer Hohe, haufig (S.F.Kajewski).

Common name

Birch, White; Crabapple; Humbug; Cherry, White; White Birch; White Cherry; Squeaker


Subrhytidome layer usually quite conspicuous. Bark conspicuously fissured particularly on large trees. White vertical stripes usually visible in the outer blaze.


Leaf blade usually large, about 8-18 x 4-8 cm, thick and leathery, margins often recurved, teeth inconspicuous. Stipules about 4-9 mm long, fairly narrow, but rounded at the apex, sometimes broad at the base.


Inflorescence many flowered, approximating or exceeding the leaves. Calyx lobes about 3-3.5 mm long. Petals about 3.5 mm long, apex with 3-6 narrow lobes about 1.5 mm long. Stamens ten, staminal filaments about 2.5-3 mm long, inserted outside the 10-lobed disk. Ovary apex densely hairy.


Fruits globular or depressed globular, about 20-25 x 25-30 mm, calyx lobes persistent at the base of the fruit.


Cotyledons about 17 x 6-7 mm. First pair of leaves with serrate margins, each tooth with a small globular gland at the apex. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade obovate, apex acute or apiculate, base attenuate, margin with numerous inconspicuous teeth from the base to the apex, glabrous; stipules interpetiolar, triangular, about 3-4 mm long. Seed germination time 704 to 797days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the Atherton Tableland area. Altitudinal range from 400-1150 m. Usually grows in drier rain forest but occasionally found in well developed rain forest on wetter sites. Often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta).

Natural History & Notes

Produces a useful general purpose timber.

Wood specific gravity 0.69. Cause et al. (1989).

RFK Code
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