Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Symplocos hylandii Noot.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Nooteboom, H.P. (1982) Brunonia 4(2): 323. Type: Hyland 1395 (QRS) Queensland, 17 deg 25 S., 145 deg 45 E., altitude 680 m.


Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh.


Younger leafy twigs, petiole and midrib on the underside of the leaf blade clothed somewhat sparsely in long, straggly hairs; older twigs and leaves glabrous. Leaf blades about 6.5-15 x 1.5-4.5 cm. Upper surface of the leaf blade arched between the lateral veins. Midrib depressed on the upper surface. Scale leaves usually present at the base of each leafy shoot.


Inflorescence about 8-20 mm long. Flowers about 2 mm diam. Calyx lobes about 1 mm long. Corolla about 3 mm long. Stamens about 10-15. Style glabrous, about 1.5-2 mm long.


Fruits ovoid, about 10-12 x 8-9 mm. Endocarp thick and hard, longitudinally ribbed or grooved, stone, obpyriform, about 8 x 5 mm. Cotyledons about as wide as the radicle.


Cotyledons about 15 x 1 mm. First pair of leaves hairy on both surfaces. Seed germination time 295 days. 

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, from Mt Bellenden Ker to near Millaa Millaa. Altitudinal range from 500-750 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed upland rain forest.

RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.