Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Symplocos wooroonooran Jessup

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Jessup, L.W. (2011) Austrobaileya 8(3): 249-250.

Common name

Small Leaved Hazelwood; White Hazelwood


Usually grows into a small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh but also flowers and fruits as a shrub. Narrow, brown, brittle inclusions usually visible in the blaze.


Petioles dark or purplish. Leaf blades about 3.6-6.5 x 1.1-3.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin.


Inflorescence about 2 cm long. Calyx lobes about 0.5-1 mm long. Corolla about 3-4 mm long. Stamens 15-35. Style about 2-5 mm long.


Fruits ovoid to ampulliform, about 6-15 x 4-8 mm, often crowned by the persistent calyx lobes. Endocarp thick and hard, longitudinally ribbed, stone +/- ampulliform, about 5-9 x 4-5.5 mm.


Cotyledons linear, 10-20 mm long. First pair of leaves elliptic, margins with 1-3 teeth on each side, glabrous. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, apex acute, base attenuate, glabrous, upper 2/3 of margin toothed. Seed germination time 196 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the higher mountain tops of Mt Bartle Frere and Mt Bellenden Ker. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 850-1600 m. Grows as an understory tree in upland and mountain rain forest but also grows as a shrub in stunted rain forest in windswept situations.


Symplocos stawellii var. montana C.T.WhiteProceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 50: 82 (1939). Type: Mount Barlte Frere, H. Flecker, No. 857 (flowers), 7th October, 1935.  Symplocos cochinchinensis var. montana (C.T.White) Noot., Brunonia 4(2): 318-319 (1982).

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