Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Syzygium bungadinnia (F.M.Bailey) B.Hyland

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Habit, flower bud, anther, fruit, seedling. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Seedling. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon and 1st leaf stage hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Hyland, B.P.M. (1983) Australian Journal of Botany Supplementary Series 9: 64.

Common name

Bungadinnia; Bungadinnia Satinash; Satinash, Bungadinnia; Watergum; Paperbark Satinash


Bark papery, red or orange-red. Papery flakes very thin and transparent.


Leaf blades about 7-10 x 2-4 cm, petioles about 0.6-1 cm long. Midrib depressed on the upper surface. Bark on the younger leafy twigs smooth but becoming papery on older twigs.


Inflorescence terminal, axillary and also on lateral shoots below or back from the leaves, bracts deciduous, absent at anthesis. Calyx tube (hypanthium) + pedicel about 7-11 mm long, calyx tube (hypanthium) about 4-6 mm diam., calyx lobes dimorphic, inner slightly larger, rounded, about 2-3 mm long. Petals often cohering, +/- orbicular, each petal to about 6 mm diam., oil dots distinguishable with difficulty, about 30 or more per petal. Outer staminal filaments about 4-8 mm long, anthers about 0.7 x 0.5 mm, gland inconspicuous, dorsal. Ovules about 10-14 per locule, placentas central, ovules radiating, ascending. Style about 5-11 mm long, approximating the stamens.


Fruits depressed, transversely ovoid, slightly bilobed (scrotiform) about 35-50 mm long and about 50-70 x 40-60 mm on the longer and shorter diameters, calyx lobes persistent, about 2-3 mm long, pericarp firm when ripe but brittle and granular in texture when immature. Seed solitary, about 20-30 x 30-50 mm along the longer diameter, testa adhering somewhat to the pericarp and adhering quite strongly to the cotyledons by means of numerous peg-like intrusions into the cotyledons, cotyledons uniformly textured except for the +/- ruminate peripheral section. Radicle central.


Cataphylls about 5 pairs, also sometimes produced among the true leaves. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade obovate, apex acute or shortly acuminate, base cuneate or attenuate, glabrous; oil dots small, visible with a lens. Seed germination time 29 to 37 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to CYP. Altitudinal range from sea level to 250 m. Grows in rain forest and gallery forest. Possibly occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History & Notes

This species is not utilized commercially but could produce a useful structural timber.

Wood specific gravity 0.78. Hyland (1983).

Eugenia bungadinnia F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 2(4): 285(1898), Type: Somerset, F.L. Jardine,.
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