Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Toechima daemelianum (F.Muell.) Radlk.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flower. © Barry Jago
Flower. © Barry Jago
Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Dehiscing fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879) Actes du Congres International de Botanistes .. Amsterdam for 1877 : 130.

Common name

Tamarind, Cape; Cape Tamarind


Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Sapwood surface corrugated. Inner and outer blazes usually distinct.


Leaflet blades about 4.5-14.5 x 2.5-4.5 cm, with rounded teeth, rather large and conspicuous, sometimes almost approaching the lobed category. Leaflet stalks short. Midrib slightly raised on the upper surface of the leaflet blade. Compound leaf rhachis with a median ridge and two grooves on the upper surface. Terminal buds and young shoots densely clothed in pale brown hairs. Domatia are small foveoles.


Inflorescence about 6-30 cm long, approximating or shorter than the leaves, pedicels about 4-7 mm long. Calyx about 2 mm long, pubescent. Petals about 3.5 mm long, two large, hairy, glandular scales on the inner surface. Stamens eight. Anther filaments hairy, about 2.5-3 mm long, inserted on the inner side of the orange disk. Ovary pubescent.


Fruits broadly ellipsoid, about 18-20 x 15-18 mm, outer surface glabrous or finely puberulent. Valves villous on the inner surface. Seeds +/- ellipsoid, about 8-10 x 6-7 mm. Aril at the base of the seed only.


First pair of leaves compound, leaflets 4-6, margins toothed, terminal leaflet toothed and lobed. Petiole and rhachis winged. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades ovate to elliptic, midrib raised on the upper surface, margin crenate, teeth large, about 3 or 4 on each side of the leaflet blade, glabrous; petiole and rhachis narrowly winged. Seed germination time 14 to 21 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 250 m. Grows as an understory tree in gallery forest and drier, more seasonal rain forest.

Ratonia daemeliana (F.Muell.) F.M.Bailey, A Synopsis of the Queensland Flora : 78(1883). Cupania daemeliana F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9: 96(1875), Type: Cape York, E. Daemel; iso: BRI, NSW.
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