Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Toechima pterocarpum S.T.Reynolds
Reynolds, S.T. (1985) Flora of Australia 25: 202. Type: Bushy Creek, Julatten, Qld, 16 37 S, 145 20 E, 10 Jan. 1983 G. & N.Sankowsky 231 (fruit); holo: BRI.
Bushy Tamarind; Orange Tamarind; Tamarind, Bushy; Tamarind, Orange
A small tree usually less than 30 cm dbh.
Inflorescence about 17-24 cm long, approximating the leaves, pedicels about 3 mm long. Male flowers: Flowers about 4-5 mm diam. Calyx lobes about 1 mm long. Petals about 1-2 x 1-1.5 mm with a hairy gland or spur attached to the inner (adaxial) surface. Stamens 8, each about 3 mm long, staminal filaments woolly, about 3 mm long, anthers about 0.25 mm long. Female flowers: Calyx lobes about 1.5 mm long, ovate, ciliolate. Petals obovate or ovate, about 2.5-3 mm long with two woolly scales on the inner surface, each scale with a bright yellow-orange gland at the apex. The two scales are together about as large as the petal to which they are attached. Staminodes present.
First pair of leaves compound with four leaflets with sparsely toothed margins. Terminal leaflet reduced to a linear appendage. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades +/- elliptic, margins sparsely but coarsely toothed; compound leaf petiole shallowly channelled on the upper surface but the rhachis ridged on the upper surface; midrib slightly raised on the upper surface of the leaflet blade; terminal bud clothed in pale, prostrate hairs. Seed germination time 17 to 23 days.
A very ornamental small tree once thought to be rare, now commonly cultivated for the very showy red capsules it produces. Flowering and fruiting when only a shrub.