Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. cucumerina
Haines, H.H. (1922) The Botany of Bihar & Orissa : 388.
A slender vine to 2 m, stem diameter of 1-2 mm, ribbed. Tendrils 2 or 3-branched, tips equipped with haustoria-like structures.
Crushed leaves emit an unpleasant odour resembling that of Diplocyclos palmatus. Leaf simple, blades often wider than long, variable from unlobed to shallowly or deeply three or more lobes. Leaf blades about 2.3-19 x 2.5-15 cm, petioles about 0.8-5.7 cm long, usually twisted close to the base. Upper and lower leaf blade surfaces, twigs and petioles sparsely clothed in short glandular hairs tipped with fluid when fresh. Glands 1-8 per side, usually visible on the underside of the leaf blade close to the basal margin. Lateral veins about four to six on each side of the midrib.
Male and female flowers on same plant. Male flowers: in racemes of 4-21 flowers, or solitary; male inflorescence bracts to 3 mm long; flowers about 8-20 mm diam., excluding the fimbriations or hairs; calyx tube (hypanthium) to 35 mm long, lobes recurved, about 0.5-2.5 mm long; petals about 9-10 mm long (not including fringed tips) or 15 mm long including the fringed tips, divided into long narrow lobes particularly at the apex; stamens 3, two stamens with bilocular anthers and one stamen with a unilocular anther; anthers about 2 mm long, filaments about 0.5-1.5 mm long, free from one another; anther locules sinuous (shaped like a horizontal S); pollen white or translucent. Female flowers: solitary or paired; from same axils as male flowers; similar in general form to the male flowers, calyx tube (hypanthium) 12-50 mm long, sepal lobes 1-3 mm long; petals 5-10 mm long; staminodes small and inconspicuous; style about as long as the hypanthium.
Features not available.
Flowers open during the day.