Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd., G.Lodd. & W.Lodd.) Blume

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Habit, leaves and flower. © D. Baume
Habit and leaves. © D. Baume
Herbarium specimen. © CSIRO

Blume, C.L. von (1835) Rumphia : 134.


Leaves produced each year from an underground corm 1.5-2 cm diameter.


Petiole 13-30 cm long, base expanded to form a wing extending 4-6 cm from the base which clasps the 'stem', faintly mottled purple. Leaf blades 6-13 x 5-6 cm; lateral veins 5-6 on each side of the midrib.


Peduncle slender and very short with inflorescence close to leaf bases; base of spathe longitudinally keeled, greenish-white and pinkish, 3-3.5 cm long; limb narrowly lanceolate, 10-25 cm long, grenish on outside and purplish brown to white inside; spadix equalling thespathe; lower half with spreading spathulate blackish purple sterile organs; spadix staminate for 0.4-0.5 cm, male flowers unistaminate; appendix subsessile, 18-20 cm long, deeply ridged and channelled.


Fruit a 1-seeded orange red berry usually in the large persistent spathe base. Testa minutely verruculose and longitudinally channelled.


Not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs naturally in NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from 20-250 m. Found in rainforest margins and in open forest. Also occurs in Indochina and southern Malesia.

Arum flagelliforme Lodd., G.Lodd. & W.Lodd., Botanical Cabinet 4: t. 396(1819). Type: Lodd., Bot. Cab. 4 (1819) t. 396 (ref. A.Hay, Blumea 37(2) (1993) 350.
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.