Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Family Profile
Family Description

A family of about 34 genera and 985 species, cosmopolitan; five genera occur naturally in Australia.


Afrohybanthus - A genus of about 17 species mainly from the Africa, India, SE Asia and Australia; three species occur naturally in Australia. Adams & George (1982); Bennett (1972); Flicker et al (2015).

Rinorea - A genus of about 300 species, pantropic; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Jacobs & Moore (1971).

Viola - A cosmopolitan genus of about 400 species; about 18 species occur in Australia, four are introduced and naturalised. Little & Leiper (2013).


Adams, L.G. & George, A.S. (1982). Flora of Australia 8:91-110. Bennett, E.M. (1972). A revision of the Australian species of Hybanthus Jacquin (Violaceae). Nuytsia 1(3): 218-241

Black, J.M. (1952). Flora of South Australia Edn. 2, 3: 590.

Flicker, B.J. & Ballard, H.E. (2015), Afrohybanthus (Violaceae), a new genus for a distinctive and widely distributed Old World hybanthoid lineage. Phytotaxa 230(1): 39-53.

Forster, P.I. (1993). Hybanthus stellarioides new combination in Violaceae, a widespread species from eastern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Muelleria 8(1): 18.

Jacobs, M. & Moore D.M. (1971). Violaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 7, (Wolters - Noordhoff Publishing: Groningen.), pp. 179-212.

Little, R.J. & Leiper, G. (2013), Viola perreniformis (L.G.Adams) R.J.Little & G.Leiper, stat. nov., with notes on Australian species in Viola section Erpetion (Violaceae). Austrobaileya 9(1): 82-83.

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