Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Vitex glabrata R.Br.

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Flowers. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae : 512. Type: Northern Territory, Groote Eylandt, R. Brown s.n.; lecto: MEL 97917; iso: BM, MEL97916. Fide Mumir, A. A. (1987).

Common name

Smooth Chastetree; Vitex; Plum, Black; Gentileng; Black Plum; Bihbool


Bark finely fissured. Dead bark layered.


Leaflet blades about 5-9 x 4-6 cm, non-glandular, midrib depressed on the upper surface. Lateral veins about 6-15 pairs. Compound leaf petiole ridged on the upper surface.


Inflorescence about 10-18 cm long, usually shorter than the leaves, pedicels pubescent, about 1-3 mm long. Calyx cup-shaped, tubular, with five minute teeth at the apex, pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Tube cylindrical, about 2-3 x 1.5-2 mm lobes about 0.5 mm long. Corolla tubular in the lower part but 5-lobed and 2-lipped at the apex, pubescent but non-glandular outside, villous inside but glabrous at the base. Corolla tube +/- cylindrical, about twice as long as the calyx, about 4-6 x 1.5-2.5 mm. Stamens exserted, filaments villous in the lower half, glandular in the upper half, about 3.5-7.5 mm long, anthers +/- orbicular, about 0.5 mm long, locules divaricate at the base. Ovary globose, glabrous, about 1-1.5 mm diam. Style exserted, glabrous, filiform, about 5-8 mm long, stigma shortly bifid.


Fruits obovoid to ellipsoid, about 5-10(-13) x 5-9 mm, calyx accrescent, persistent at the base of the fruit. Seed enclosed in a stone.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about 300 m. Grows in monsoon forest.

Vitex cunninghamii Schauer, Prodromus 11: 691(1847), Type: In Novae-Hollandia septentr.-occid. ad littora sinus Careening Bay (A. Cunningh.!) Syntypes: G-DC, K, MEL. Fide Munir, A. A. (1987).
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