Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Vitex queenslandica (Munir) Bramley

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Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Bramley, G.L.C., Forest, F. & De Kok, R.P.J. (2009) Taxon 58(2): 508.

Common name



Trunks of large trees fluted and twisted. Yellow or orange layers may be visible in the blaze. Blaze darkens to greenish brown on exposure.


Leaflet blades about 6-13 x 3-4 cm. Numerous, small, yellow glands normally visible with a lens on the underside of the leaflets. Stalk of the middle leaflet longer than those of the lateral leaflets.


Inflorescence about 15-25 cm long, pedicels densely glandular, about 1.5-3 mm long. Calyx almost truncate or with four short lobes at the 2-lipped apex, glabrous, glandular outside, tube cylindrical, about 1.5-3 x 1.5-2 mm, lobes rounded to shortly acute, up to 0.5 mm long. Corolla 4-lobed at the apex and tubular below, pubescent and glandular outside, glandular-puberulous on the inner surface of the lobes, villous inside the tube and the throat. Tube +/- cylindrical, about twice the length of the calyx, about 4-5 x 2-2.5 mm, lobes about 2-4.5 x 2-5 mm. Stamens included or slightly exserted, attached to the lower half of the corolla tube. Staminal filaments filiform, glabrous in the upper part, villous in the lower half, about 3-4.5 mm long, anther locules +/- free and divaricate towards the base. Ovary globular, glabrous, glandular at the top, 1-1.2 mm diam. Style almost included, glabrous, filiform, about 3-4 mm long, stigma minutely bifid.


Fruits globular or ellipsoid, glabrous about 6-10 x 4-8 mm, calyx accrescent, persistent at the base. Seed enclosed in a stone about 6 x 4 mm, seeds about 3.5 x 1 mm. Embryo about 3-3.5 mm long, cotyledons much wider than the radicle.


Cotyledons broadly ovate, 7-8 x 5-6 mm. First pair of leaves toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflets elliptic, apex acute, base cuneate, upper surface clothed in short, pale hairs, undersurface with numerous small yellow glands, margin toothed for almost the entire length of the leaflet blade; petiole, stem and terminal bud clothed in short, pale hairs. Seed germination time 41 to 117 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed lowland and upland rain forest on a variety of sites but tends to be more common in drier, more seasonal rain forest.

Viticipremna queenslandica Munir, Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 7(1): 187(1985), Type: B. Hyland 9633, State Forest Reserve 310, Goldsborough L.A., Queensland, Australia, 18.1.1978 (QRS, holotype; AD, QRS, isotypes). Vitex acuminata R.Br., Prod. : 512(1810), Type: Northern Australia, holo: BM?.
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