Acacias of Australia

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Acacia longifolia subsp. sophorae (Labill.) Court

Common Name

Coast Wattle




Widespread principally in coastal tracts of southern and eastern continental Australia from the southern Eyre Penin. in S.A. along the southern and eastern seaboards as far N as south-eastern Qld and S to the coasts of Tas., including the islands of Bass Strait. Adventive in south-western W.A.


Shrub to 5 m high, 15 m or more wide, spreading, tangled, rarely erect. Phyllodes linear or narrow elliptical, 4–12 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, rounded obtuse or sometimes with a small mucronate point, subcoriaceous, sometimes fleshy, often yellowish green. Pods commonly coiled or contorted, sometimes drawn out into long beak, often firmly coriaceous.


Flowers July.–Oct. and fruits Nov.–Jan.


S.A.: Sleaford Bay near Port Lincoln, 28 Aug. 1964, M.E.Phillips s.n. (CANB). Qld: Caloundra, Sept. 1906, F.H.Kenny s.n. (BRI). N.S.W.: Kings Ck, P.Gilmour 5832 (CANB); Caves Beach, Jervis Bay, J.Taylor 1195, J.Rymer & R.Jackson (CANB); 3.5 km SE of Tanja, C.Tyrrel 125 (CANB). Vic.: Nelson, near mouth of the Glenelg [R.], S.J.Midgely 509 (CANB); Mallacoota Surf Beach, M.E.Phillips 41 (CANB). Tas.: South Arm, F.H.Long 531 (CANB); Bruny Is., 6 Sept. 1962, D.W.Shoobridge s.n. (CANB). W.A.: Reserve 1624, Point Resolution, Swan R., Dalkeith, G.J.Keighery 13065 (PERTH).

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia