Acacias of Australia

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Acacia seclusa M.W.McDonald

Common Name

Saw Ranges Wattle




Known only from Dillon Springs in the Saw Ra., Kimberley region, W.A.


Tree or shrub 2–5 (–6) m tall, canopy often spreading. Bark hard, grey, shallowly rimose. New shoots sericeous, grey. Branchlets sericeous. Phyllodes narrowly elliptic to narrowly dimidiate, straight, 10–15 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, coriaceous, sericeous, grey-green; longitudinal nerves numerous and close together (6–8 per mm), moderately longitudinally anastomosing, with 3 main longitudinal nerves slightly more prominent than the others; pulvinus 5–7 mm long, sericeous. Inflorescences simple (1–3 per axil) or occasionally racemose, raceme axes 0.2–5 cm long and sericeous; peduncles 2–5 mm long, sericeous; spikes 2–5 cm long, flowers densely arranged, yellow to light golden; receptacles glabrous. Flowers 5-merous; calyx deeply dissected, densely pubescent; ovary sericeous. Pods narrowly oblong, sub-terete to slightly flattened, sometimes slightly constricted between the seeds, straight to slightly curved, 4–7 cm long, 6–8 mm wide, woody, sericeous, longitudinally wrinkled or grooved. Seeds oblique, elliptic to irregularly elliptic, 4 mm long, 3 mm wide, glossy, black; funicle/aril twice-folded, cream.


Flowers in August.


It grows near a spring in a steep rocky gully.


W.A.: Dillen Springs, c. 50 km W of Kununurra, G.P.Guymer 526 (NE, NSW); Dillen Springs, Saw Ra., c. 40 km SW of Kununurra, M.W.McDonald 2133 (CANB, K, NSW, PERTH).


Acacia seclusa is a member of the ‘A. tumida group’ where it appears to be morphologically intermediate between A. tumida and A. retinervis. It is, however, distinguished in having straight, narrowly-elliptic to narrowly-dimidiate, sericeous phyllodes, simple or short racemose inflorescences and densely sericeous pods. It is also characterized by its strictly riparian habitat and in having a silvery, bluish appearance to its crown (due to the sericeous phyllodes). Acacia tumida var. tumida also occurs at Dillon Springs but is easily recognized, in addition to the characters already given, by its falcate, finely striate (not reticulate) phyllodes and its non-silvery crowns. A putative hybrid between these two species occurs at this site (M.W.McDonald 2134, PERTH).

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia


B.R.Maslin, M.W.McDonald