Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Acalypha lyonsii P.I.Forst.

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and female flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Forster, P.I. (1994) Austrobaileya 4: 216. Type: Queensland, Isley Hills, McKinnon Creek, 18 May 1992, C. Lyons 113; holo: BRI.


Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall.


Leaf blade about 10-45 x 8-25 mm, petiole about 2-4 mm long. Lateral veins about 5-10 on each side of the midrib. Margin crenate with about 4-9 teeth on each side. Oil dots numerous, visible with a lens. Stipules very small, triangular, about 0.5-1 mm long with a hair-like appendage at the apex. Twig hairs hooked or bent.


Male flowers: Flowers borne in slender spikes about 10-20 mm long. Stamens 12. Anther cells quite discrete, each borne on a separate stalk which is attached to the apex of the filament. Female flowers: Flowers about 3 mm diam., solitary, subtended by a large bract with a crenate margin, pedicel about 3.5 mm long. Ovary clothed in stiff hairs and each style ends in several branched hairs.


Enlarged, crenate floral bract about 5-20 mm diam. persistent at the base of the fruit. Fruits 3-lobed, about 2 x 3-4 mm. Styles and stigmas persistent at the apex. Seeds smooth, +/- globose, about 1.5-2.2 x 1.6-1.9 mm. Embryo about 1 mm long, radicle about 0.3-0.4 m long.


Cotyledons orbicular to obtriangular, about 7-8 x 6 mm. Petiole about 2.5 mm. Venation palmate. First pair of leaves with toothed margins. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade about 15 x 8 mm, oil dots small and numerous, stipules small, triangular, about 0.5 mm long. Stem clothed in white, prostrate or arched hairs. Seed germination time 12 to 14 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, known only from collections made from two populations near Cairns. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 200 m. Grows in lowland rain forest.

RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.