Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv.

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Herbarium specimen. © CSIRO

Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. (1812) Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie : 12.

Common name

Carpet grass, broadleaf; Broadleaf Carpet Grass


Stoloniferous mat-forming grass. Culms 15-60 cm tall, nodes pubescent.


Lamina up to about 30-200 x 3-12 mm, attached to a sheathng base around the stem. Sheathing base 10-14 cm long. Ligule mainly composed of fringing hairs. Lamina margin ciliate.


Inflorescence 3-branched, each branch consisting of a spike of flowers about 8-10 cm long. Florets secund, i.e. arranged on one side of the spike. Florets about 2-2.5 mm long. Glumes about 2 mm long, outer surface clothed in short hairs. Tepals (palea and lemna) about 1.5-2 mm long. Stamens 3, anthers about 1 mm lng, filaments about 1 mm long. Stigmas 2, plumose.


Testa smooth and glossy.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1100 m. Grows in disturbed places and along roadsides in rainforest, riparian rainforest, Eucalypt forest, notophyll vineforest and various types of woodland. Also from Africa, China and eastern Asia, India, Indo-China, Malesia, North America, South America and from Papua New Guinea.

Milium compressum Sw., Nova genera & species plantarum Prodromus : 24(1788).
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