Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Family Profile
Family Description

A family of about 100 genera and 2000 species, cosmopolitan; about 13 genera occur naturally in Australia.


Carmona - A monotypic genus in Malesia, China, India, Australia and the Solomon Islands. Riedl (1997).

Cordia - A genus of about 250 species, pantropic; two species occur naturally in Australia and one species has become naturalised. Cooper & Cooper (2004); Gottschling et al. (2016); Johnston (1951); Riedl (1997).

Cynoglossum - A genus of about 55 species from temperate and warm temperate regions of the world; two species occur naturally in Australia.

Ehretia - A genus of about 50 species, pantropic; about five species occur naturally in Australia. Cooper & Cooper (2004); Forster (1995); Gottschling et al. (2016); Johnston (1951); Randell (1993).

Heliotropium - A genus of about 300 species in the tropical and temperate zones of the world; 81 species occur naturally in Australia.

Trichodesma - A genus of about 40 species in Africa, Asia and Australia; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Riedl (1997), Stanley & Ross (1986).


Bailey, F.M. (1900). Boraginaceae. In 'The Queensland Flora.' Parts 3 & 4, (H.J. Diddams & Co.: Brisbane.), pp. 1035-1052.

Cooper, Wendy & Cooper, William T. (2004) Fruits of the Australian tropical rainforest, Nokomis Publications, Clifton Hill, Vic.

Forster, P.I. (1995), Ehretia grahamii (Boraginaceae): notes on distribution, habitat, variation and conservation status. Austrobaileya 4(3): 451.

Gottschling, M., Weigend, M., Hilger, H.H. (2016). Ehretiaceae. Flowering Plants Eudicots. Aquifoliales, Boraginales, Bruniales, Dipsacales, Escalloniales, Garryales, Paracryphiales, Solanales (except Convolvulaceae), Icacinaceae, Metteniusaceae, Vahliaceae.   In J.W. Kadereit and V. Bittrich (eds.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin). Vol. 14, pp. 165-178.

Johnston, I.M. (1951). Studies in the Boraginaceae, XX. Representatives of three subfamilies in eastern Asia. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 32:1-26.

Randell, B.R. (1993). New taxa and combinations in the Boraginaceae. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 15(2): 93-94.

Riedl, H. (1997). Boraginaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 13, (Foundation Flora Malesiana: Leiden.) pp. 43-144.

Stanley, T.D. & Ross, E.M. (1986). Boraginaceae. In 'Flora of south-eastern Queensland.' Vol. 2, (Queensland Department of Primary Industries: Brisbane.), pp. 356-363.

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