Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Bubbia queenslandiana Vink subsp. queenslandiana

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Leaves and Flowers. © B. Gray
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Vink, W. (1983) Blumea 28: 321.

Common name

Australian Pepper Tree; Winterwood


Usually grows into a small tree not exceeding 30 cm dbh but also flowers and fruits as a shrub. Blaze odour pine-like (Pinus spp.).


Leaves crowded at the ends of the twigs and branches. Leaf blades about 9-12 x 3.5-4 cm, almost white on the underside. petioles 1.5-2.5 cm long. Lateral veins inconspicuous on the upper surface but not visible on the lower surface. Oil dots visible with a lens. Leaves somewhat aromatic when crushed.


Inflorescence up to 6 cm long, approximating or shorter than the leaves. Calyx lobes variable in size and shape, about 1 mm long. Petals about 5.5-8 mm long. Stamens about 8-13, anthers sessile or on short swollen filaments. Ovaries about 2-5. Stigma linear, sessile. Ovules about 10 per ovary.


Fruits (fruiting carpels) +/- globular, about 9-12 mm diam., very aromatic when crushed. Seeds globular, about 3-4 mm diam. Embryo about 0.3 mm long. Cotyledons no wider than the radicle.


Cotyledons orbicular, about 10-11 mm diam. Very small oil dots visible with a lens.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ. Altitudinal range from 700-1250 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed mountain rain forest, usually on granite.

Bubbia queenslandiana Vink, Blumea 28: 318(1983), Type: QUEENSLAND. .. Mt Lewis, S.F.R. 143, North Mary L.A., B.Gray 484 (type, L). Zygogynum queenslandianum (Vink) Vink, Blumea 31: 54(1986). Zygogynum queenslandianum (Vink) Vink subsp. queenslandianum, Blumea 31: 54(1986).
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