Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Casearia grewiifolia var. gelonioides (Blume) Sleumer ex Jessup

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Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruits. © CSIRO
Fruit, three side views, dehiscing and cross section. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Jessup, L.W. (1982) Flora of Australia 8: 83. 


Bark rather hard to cut and blaze distinctly layered. Brownish brittle textured stripes usually visible in the inner blaze.


Oil dots both orbicular and streaky, usually comet-shaped, visible to the naked eye. Leaf blades about 8-14 x 3.5-7 cm, usually alternate and not spirally arranged on the twigs. Stipules less than 2 mm long, shed early.


Flowers about 7 mm diam. Perianth lobes about 2.5-3 mm long. Stamens usually 8 (sometimes 7 or 9), +/- equal in length, staminodes eight. Staminal filaments about 2 mm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent towards the base. Pistil green, about 3 mm long, stigma yellow. Ovules numerous.


Fruits about 25-40 mm long.


Cotyledons about 15 x 12-15 mm with streaky oil dots. At the tenth leaf stage: oil dots easily visible with a lens, mainly streaky; stipules small, triangular. Seed germination time 19 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 200 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in SE Asia, Malesia and the Solomon Islands.

Natural History & Notes

The aril covered seeds are eaten by Fruit Pigeons.

Casearia hexagona var. gelonioides Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 255(1850), Type: Timor.
RFK Code
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