Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Family Profile
Family Description

A family of about 20 genera and nearly 500 species, pantropic, well developed in Africa; five genera occur naturally in Australia.


Combretum - A genus of about 250 species, pantropic; one species occurs naturally in Australia. Exell (1954); Pedley (1990).

Dansiea - A genus of two species endemic to Australia. Byrnes (1981); Pedley (1990).

Macropteranthes - A genus of five species endemic to Australia. Cooper & Cooper (2004); Forster (1994); Harden et al. (2014); Pedley (1990); Stace (2007).

Quisqualis - A genus of about 17 species in Africa, Asia and Malesia. Exell (1954). One species may have become naturalised in Australia.

Terminalia - A genus of about 200 species, pantropic; 24 species occur naturally in Australia. Byrnes (1977); Coode (1973, 1978); Pedley (1990), Stace (2007).


Byrnes, N.B. (1977). A revision of Combretaceae in Australia. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium No. 20:1-88.

Byrnes, N.B. (1981). Addition to Combretaceae (Lagunclurieae) from Australia. Austrobaileya 1:385-387.

Coode, M.J.E. (1973). Notes on Terminalia L. (Combretaceae) in Papuasia. Contributions from Herbarium Australiense 2:1-33.

Coode, M.J.E. (1978). Combretaceae. In Womersley, J.S. (Ed.) 'Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea.' Vol. 1, (Melbourne University Press: Melbourne.), pp. 43-110.

Cooper, Wendy & Cooper, William T. (2004) Fruits of the Australian tropical rainforest, Nokomis Publications, Clifton Hill, Vic.

Exell, A.W.C. (1954). Combretaceae. In 'Flora Malesiana.' Ser. 1, Vol. 4, (P. Noordhoff Ltd: Groningen.), pp. 533-589.

Forster, P.I. (1994). Notes on Dansiea Byrnes and Macropteranthes F. Muell. (Combretaceae). Austrobaileya 4:149-153.

Harden, G.J., Nicholson, H.R.W., McDonald, W.J.F., Nicholson, N.J., Tame, T. & Williams, J. (2014). Rainforest Plants of Australia. Rockhampton to Victoria. Gwen Harden Publishing.

Pedley, L. (1990). Combretaceae. In 'Flora of Australia.' Vol. 18, (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.), pp. 255-293, 326-327.

Stace, C.A. (2007). Combretaceae. In Kubitzki, K.(ed), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Flowering Plants Eudicots. Berberidopsidales, Buxales, Crossosomatales, Fabales p.p., Geraniales, Gunnerales, Myrtales p.p., Proteales, Saxifragales, Vitales, Zygophyllales, Clusiaceae Alliance, Passifloraceae Alliance, Dilleniaceae, Huaceae, Picramniaceae, Sabiaceae. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin). Vol. 9, pp. 67-82.

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