Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A.Chev.
Chevalier, A.J.B. (1919) Catalogue des Plantes du Jardin Botanique de Saigon : 66.
Tiplant; Broad-leaved Palm Lily; Lignum
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 2-3 m tall, occasionally to 5 m tall.
Leaf blades reddish, about 25-80 x 5-12 cm, petioles about 8-20 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. Base of the petiole clasping the stem and leaving a ring-like scar when shed.
Panicles about 20-40 cm long, flowers sessile or pedicels up to 2 mm long. Sepals and petals of similar size, glabrous, about 9-12 mm long. Anther filaments about 7 x 1 mm, white, winged, tapering to the apex. Anthers cream, about 3.5-4 mm long. Ovary about 2.5 mm long. Style and stigma about 7-8 mm long. Ovary and stigma white.
Fruits about 1 cm diam.
Features not available.
Occurs in the northern part of CYP. Altitudinal range probably very small, being found just above sea level. This species is widely cultivated in Malesia, northern Australia and the Pacific islands. It may have become naturalised in the closed forests of the northern part of Cape York Peninsula and the Torres Strait Islands close to habitation.
A commonly cultivated species with numerous horticultural colour varieties available. Leaves are sold commercially for use in floral decorations. The leaves of this plant are used in a similar manner to toilet paper and one of the common names reflects this usage.