Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Deplanchea tetraphylla (R.Br.) F.Muell.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and Flowers. © B. Gray
Fruit and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1889) Second Systematic Census of Australian Plants : 167. 

Common name

Deplanchea; Golden Bouquet Tree; Wallaby Wireless Tree; Yellow Pagoda Flower Tree; Bignonia


Blaze darkening to orange brown on exposure.


Leaf bearing twigs robust, about 0.7-1.2 cm diameter. Leaf blade usually large, up to 30 x 15 cm.


Flowers about 20-35 mm long. Anther cells quite separate from one another in each anther, connected only at the apex.


Fruit about 9-11 cm long. Seed wing transparent, very thin and easily broken. Cotyledons bilobed or deeply emarginate at the apex.


Cotyledons deeply emarginate at the apex, forming two rounded lobes, a few short hairs scattered over the upper surface. First pair of leaves bluntly toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf margin crenate, upper surface of the leaf blade and petioles hairy. Seed germination time 14 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Widespread in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 600 m. Usually not found in well developed rain forest but grows in beach forest, monsoon forest and on rain forest margins. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History & Notes

One of the common names used for this species (Wallaby Wireless Tree) alludes to the fact that wallabies are fond of the fallen flowers of this species and once the flowers fall, the news seems to spread quickly throughout the wallaby population, who then assemble to partake of the apparently tasty fare.

Produces a useful general purpose timber.

Wood specific gravity 0.49. Cause et al. (1989).

Bulweria nobilissima F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 147(1864), Type: In silvis ad sinum Rockingham Bay. Dallachy. Deplanchea bulweri F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 72(1865), Type: Ad sinum Rockinghams Bay nec non in monte Hinchinbrook. Dallachy. Deplanchea hirsuta (Bailey) Steenis, Recueil des Travaux Botanique Neerlandais 24 : 920(1927). Deplanchea tetraphylla (R.Br.) F.Muell. var. tetraphylla, Recueil des Travaux Botanique Neerlandais 24 : 917(1927). Diplanthera hirsuta F.M.Bailey, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 14: 11(1896), Type: Stony Creek, Cairns (a shoot and loose flowers), L.J. Nugent. A large leave and very young shoot gathered on Thursday Island, Diplanthera tetraphylla R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae : 449(1810), Type: Banks & Solander, New Holland, Fide R. Brown Prodromus. B. v.s.
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