Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Dianella odorata Blume

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
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Herbarium specimen. © DERM

Blume, C.L. von (1828) Enumeratio Plantarum Javae 2: 12. Type: Crescit in hortis Indiae orientalis frequenter colitur.


A tufted solitary plant up to 1.25 m tall; tufts 0.5 m wide at base. Stems up to 80 cm long.


Leaves 19-40 cm long; lamina about 19-60 x 0.9-2.2 cm, ca. flat, cucullate, obtuse; petioles about 10 cm long, winged and V-shaped in transverse section; sheath conduplicate, moderately occluded distally.


Inflorescence exceeding leaves, narrowly cylindrical in outline; cymules condensed, usually 3-6 -flowered; pedicels 12-25 mm long and evenly rounded. Perianth segments narrowly ovate to elliptic, obtuse, mid-blue to violet. Sepals 7.5-8.5 mm long, 5-7 -nerved. Filament swelling 0.6-1.1 mm long, yellow; anthers 3.5-4.8 mm long, pale yellow. Ovules 4-8 per locule.


Berry blue to purple, 5-8 mm long. Seed 3.5-4 mm long; testa minutely areolate and alveolate, black, shiny.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA (?), NT, CYP and NEQ as far south as Hinchinbrook Island. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 180 m. Grows in rainforest, Eucalypt forest, vineforest, melaleuca forest, Eucalypt woodland and heathland. Also from Indonesia.

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