Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Diospyros australis (R.Br.) Hiern.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
I. male flower; J. dissected male flower; K. female flower; L. dissected corolla showing staminodes; M. dissected ovary, female flower; N. fruit. © Queensland Government.

Hiern, W.P. (1873) Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 12: 30. 

Common name

Grey plum; Yellow persimmon; Black plum


Tree or large shrub, to 30 m tall but usually much shorter. Seldom exceeds 40 cm dbh. Outer dead bark quite dark in colour. Cambial layer darkens on exposure to an intense yellow. Plants male or female.


Leaf blades about 3.8-12 cm x 1-4.8 cm, oblong, elliptic or narrowly ovate. Petioles about 0.2-0.7 cm long. Venation difficult to discern, more obvious on the upper surface, 7-11 secondary pairs. Undersurface pale yellowish-green. Glands 1-8(-16) on basal half of lamina below. Leaf bearing twigs quite dark.


Flowers male or female, 4-merous (4 calyx lobes, 4 corolla lobes). Male flowers solitary or clustered in axillary fascicles, stamens (8-)12-16. Female flowers 1-3 together, staminodes present.


Fruiting calyx enlarged. Fruit glabrous, 10-15 mm diameter, yellowish turning red and black.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards into NSW. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1120 m. Grows in rainforest, riparian forest, vine forest.

Cargillia australis R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae : 527 (1810), Type: New South Wales, Port Jackson, Hawkesbury, Hunter's River, s.dat., R. Brown iter Austral. 2828 (syn: BM, E, K).
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.