Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Elaeocarpus arnhemicus F.Muell.

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Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Fruit, side views, cross section and endocarp. © W. T. Cooper
Fruit and leaves [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1875) Descr. Notes Pap. Pl. 1: 6. Type: Northern Territory, Fitzmaurice River, F. Mueller, lecto: K; iso: MEL. ( Fide Coode 1984).

Common name

Blue Plum; Bony Quandong; Quandong, Bony; Plum, Blue; Arnhem Land Quandong; Quandong, Arnhem Land


Usually encountered as a small tree to 30 cm dbh but recorded to 40-50 cm dbh. Sections of bark sometimes included in the wood.


Numerous pale coloured lenticels on the twigs. Leaf blades about 6-12.5 x 2.5-5.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the margin. About 7-18 teeth on each side of the leaf blade. Domatia, if present, are foveoles.


Sepals less than 14 mm long. Petals divided at the apex into about 10-16 narrow lobes. Stamens about 15. Ovary glabrous or slightly hairy.


Fruits globular-ellipsoid, about 12-16 x 10-12 mm. Endocarp 2-sutured.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about 500 m. Usually grows in gallery forest across northern Australia. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History & Notes

Fruit eaten by Cassowaries and Fruit Pigeons. Cooper & Cooper (1994).

Elaeocarpus obovatus var. (?) foveolatus Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 281(1863), Type: N. Australia. Islands of the N. coast, R. Brown; Liverpool river, A. Cunningham; Fitzmaurice river and Macadam range, F. Mueller.
RFK Code
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