Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Ficus mollior F.Muell. ex Benth.

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Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Female &/or gall flowers Note hairs among flowers. © CSIRO
Female flowers Note swollen stigma & barbed hairs among flowers. © CSIRO

Bentham, G. (1873) Flora Australiensis 6: 173. Type: Queensland. Rockingham Bay, Dallachy.

Common name

Fig; FIG, SANDPAPER; Pascoe River Fig; Sandpaper Fig


Not a strangling fig. Generally a poorly formed, multistemmed tree. Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Bark exudate turning brown or reddish brown on exposure.


Stipules about 1-2 cm long, hairy on the outer surface. Petioles and twigs produce a milky exudate. Leaf blades about 10-18 x 5-9 cm. Two flat glands visible on the underside of the leaf blade at the very base, in the forks of the basal lateral veins. Younger leafy twigs and petioles hairy. Oil dots visible with a lens.


Flowers interspersed with long bristles. Male flowers produced around the ostiole. Style and stigma reddish. Bracts at the base of the fig, three. Lateral bracts not present on the outside of the fig body.


Figs pedunculate, globular, about 13-15 x 12-16 mm. Orifice closed by interlocking apical and internal bracts.


Cotyledons orbicular, about 2-3 mm diam. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, apex acuminate, base auriculate, margin crenate to bluntly serrate, teeth about 1-3 on each side along the upper 1/3 of the leaf blade, upper surface glabrous; oil dots very small, difficult to see with a lens; stipules sheathing the terminal bud, hairy along margins. Seed germination time 18 to 19 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed rain forest and gallery forest. Also occurs in Malesia.

Ficus dielsii Warb., Repertorium Novarum Specierum Regni Vegetabilis 1: 75(1905), Type: Queensland: Mittel-Barron, leg. Diels, 3. Juni. 1902.
RFK Code
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