Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Xue, B., Thomas, D.C., Chaowasku, T., Johnson, D.M. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2014) Systematic Botany 39(2): 401.

Common name

Plum, Indian; Greater Krekup; Indian Plum


Usually grows into a tree but occasionally flowers and fruits as a shrub. Stem often densely clothed in large, branched spines about 20-60 x 4 mm.


Leaf blades about 5.5-11 x 4-5 cm, petioles about 0.4-0.8 cm long. Stipules +/- triangular, about 1 mm long, clothed in hairs.


Flowers about 4-7 mm diam., pedicels about 3-7 mm long. Tepals four to five, about 1 x 2 mm. Male flowers with about 20-60 stamens, filaments about 3-4 mm long, anthers about 0.6 x 0.9 mm. Female flowers: ovary glabrous, slender, flask-shaped. Styles four to five, each ending in a bilobed stigma.


Fruits subglobose, about 15-25 mm diam. Seeds usually 4-5. Cotyledons orbicular.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

An introduced species widely cultivated in SE Asia, Malesia and tropical Africa, possibly originating in India, now naturalised in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in NEQ quite small, being found from near sea level to 100 m. Usually found at deserted house sites or in disturbed areas of gallery forest or rain forest.

Natural History & Notes

Food plant for the larval stages of the Australian Rustic Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).

Stigmarota jangomas Lour., Fl. Cochinchin. 2: 634(1790), Type: Cochinchina. Flacourtia cataphracta Willd., Species Plantarum ed. 4, 4(2) : 830(1806), Type: Habitat in India orientali.
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