Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Litsea granitica B.Hyland

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Flowers. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Flowers. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Flowers. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Leaves and flowers. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Habit, flower, stamen, staminode, glands, fruit, seedling. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Hyland, B.P.M. (1989) Australian Systematic Botany 2: 262. Type: B. Gray 3833: State Forest Reserve 143 Riflemead, Carbine Logging Area, 3.i.1985 (QRS, holotypus).

Common name



Blaze odour usually noticeable but difficult to describe, pepperina (Schinus molle), mango (Mangifera indica) bark, pine-like (Pinus spp.), etc.


Twigs +/- terete or slightly angular, clothed in tortuous, brown, erect hairs when young, eventually becoming almost completely glabrous. Leaf blades about 12-19 x 6-12 cm, green or slightly glaucous on the underside, clothed in tortuous, white and brown, erect hairs when very young, soon becoming almost completely glabrous. Midrib +/- flush or slightly raised on the upper surface. Petioles flat or channelled on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens.


Male flowers: Tepals about 3-3.3 mm long. Glands attached to the staminal filaments. Stamens 9-12 per flower, filaments pubescent at least towards the base. Female flowers: Tepals about 2-3 mm long. Glands attached to the staminodes. Ovary pubescent.


Fruits ellipsoid or globular, about 23 x 18-19 mm. Receptacle about 25-32 x 16.5-19 mm. Seed about 18 x 13-14 mm. Cotyledons cream.


First pair of leaves ovate, about 70-95 x 30-40 mm, slightly glaucous on the underside. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate or obtuse, upper surface glabrous, underside glaucous; oil dots small, visible only with a lens; petiole with a few scattered hairs only. Seed germination time 22 to 38 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, known only from collections from Thornton Peak, the Windsor Tableland and the Mt Spurgeon-Mt Lewis area. Altitudinal range from 1000-1200 m. Grows in mountain rain forests on soils derived from granite.

Natural History & Notes

This species grows large enough to produce millable logs. Wood specific gravity 0.60. Hyland (1989).

RFK Code
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