Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Melicope elleryana (F.Muell.) T.G.Hartley

Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and Flowers. © B. Gray
Leaves and Flowers. © B. Gray
Fruit [not vouchered]. CC-BY J.L. Dowe
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Hartley, T.G. (1990) Telopea 4(1): 34.

Common name

Corkwood; Pink Doughwood; Pink-flowered Evodia; Evodia; Doughwood, Pink; Pink Evodia; Pink Flowered Doughwood; Pink Euodia; Spermwood


Bark pale brown and corky, particularly at the butt near the roots. Narrow, pale brown brittle stripes in the blaze.


Oil dots visible with a lens if not visible to the naked eye. Leaflet blades about 8-19 x 3.5-7.5 cm. Stalk of the middle leaflet slightly longer than those of the lateral leaflets, all three grooved on the upper surface. Old leaves turn yellow prior to falling. Freshly broken twigs have a somewhat mousy odour.


Inflorescences produced on the branches below or back from the leaves. Sepals about 1.5-2 mm long. Petals about 5-6.5 mm long, glabrous on the outer surface, pubescent on the inner surface. Staminal filaments glabrous. Disk yellow-green, pubescent, continuous, surrounding the ovary. Ovary pubescent.


Fruiting carpels connate at the base, individual carpels about 5-8 mm long. Seeds about 2-3 mm diam. Aril shiny black on the outer surface, completely enclosing the seed. Testa finely pitted or foveolate.


Cotyledon margin not or infrequently finely crenate. Oil dots small, more frequent about the margins. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral leaflets slightly unequal-sided at the base; oil dots numerous, visible with a lens. Seed germination time 49 to 141 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites. This species is favoured by disturbance. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Natural History & Notes

Seeds eaten by pigeons. Cooper & Cooper (1994).

Food plant for the larval stages of the Ulysses Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).

A commonly cultivated tree that is fast growing and produces masses of pink flowers which are attractive to birds.

Produces a useful general purpose timber.

Wood specific gravity 0.61. Cause et al. (1989).

Acronychia muelleri (Engl.) W.D.Francis, Kew Bull. 1931: 190(1931). Euodia muelleri Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4: 121(1896). Euodia elleryana F.Muell. var. elleryana, Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew : 189(1932). Evodiella muelleri (Engl.) B.L.Linden, Nova Guinea (new ser.) 10: 147(1959). Euodia elleryana F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 4(1865), Type: Queensland, Port Curtis, Beddome Creek, Thozet; holo: MEL. Fide Hartley (2001).
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.