Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Mimusops elengi L.

Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flower and bud. © Barry Jago
Leaves and flower. © R.L. Barrett
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Fruit. © CSIRO
Fruit, side views and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum ed. 1 2: 349. Type: India ?.

Common name

Red Coondoo; Mimusops; Mamajen


Dead bark layered. White, granular stripes in the outer blaze.


Petioles and twigs produce a watery milky exudate. Terminal buds and younger leafy twigs clothed in brown hairs. Leaf blades about 3-11 x 2-5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops just inside the blade margin. Stipules narrow, about 3-5 mm long, tapering to a point. Stipules caducous.


Sepals in two whorls of four. Corolla segments eight but each of them with two dorsal appendages of the same size and shape as the segment itself, giving the appearance of 24 segments. Stamens eight, staminodes eight. Ovary 8-locular.


Fruits globular or ellipsoid, about 12-17 x 12-15 mm. Calyx persistent. Seeds 1 or 2 per fruit, each about 11-15 x 7-10 mm, hilum +/- circular, basal. Cotyledons flat and thin.


Cotyledons ovate or elliptic, about 15-25 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or obovate, apex slightly acuminate, glabrous on the upper surface, midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Stipules about 1 mm long, linear, hairy, caducous; petiole, terminal bud and stem densely clothed in rusty brown hairs. Seed germination time 16 to 88 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 200 m. Grows in monsoon forest, beach forest and drier, more seasonal rain forest. Also occurs in Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands. The fruit of this tree is much sought after by fruit eating pigeons particularly Torresian Imperial-Pigeons (Ducula bicolor).

Natural History & Notes

Fruit eaten by Fruit Pigeons. Cooper & Cooper (1994).

An attractive tree that will withstand salt laden winds and often grows on the beach front. It has good shape and the flowers and fruits are showy. Fruits are sought after by birds.

Diospyros longipes Hiern, The Journal of Botany 54 : 338(1916), Type: Habitat prope oppidum Townsville, in ditionis Queensland parte tropica, a cl. R.H. Cambage, F.L.S., 11 Aug. 1913, lecta.
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