Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Pandanus tectorius Parkinson

Palm, pandan or cycad
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Habit. © CSIRO
Fruit. © CSIRO
Fruit. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: A. McWhirter.
Fruit. © CSIRO

Parkinson, S. (1773) A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in his Majesty's Ship, The Endeavour : 46. Type: not cited.

Common name

Beach Pandan; Pandan, Beach


Tree to 12 m tall, stem branched. Trunk with spiny conical nodules (warty). Prop roots 1 m long and armed with scattered short, sharp protuberances. Plants male or female.


Adult leaves to 1.7 m long, 5-10 cm wide. Base without spines on margins and midrib on underside; above base on margins spines are present tom apex; above base on midrib underside spines are present to middle, and may be present or not to apex.


Fruit a multiple fruit, yellow or orange, ovoid-globose, about 12-18 cm long x 10-13 cm diam. Segments (phalanges) 38-51 mm long x 20-49 mm wide, 5-7 angled.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to central New South Wales. Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in littoral rainforest, sand dunes, coastal sandy areas and in microphyll vine forsests. Also occurs eastern Indonesia, New Guinea and the Pacific Islands

RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.