Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flower and fruit. CC-BY: APII, ANBG.
Leaves and flowers. CC-BY: APII, ANBG.
Dehiscing capsule. CC-BY: APII, ANBG.
Leafy shoot. CC-BY: APII, ANBG.
Fruit and dehisced fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and hisced fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Dehisced fruit. © G. Sankowsky

Loddiges, C., Loddiges, G. & Loddiges, W. (1832), The Botanical Cabinet: t. 1859. Type: "This has lately been introduced from New South Wales"


Shrub or tree to 10 m high. Branchlets pendulous, stems hairless or with occasionally t-shaped hairs or uniseriate hairs. Bark grey, thick fissured and fibrous below, smooth in canopy. Buds covered by several scale leaves in axils.


Leaves simple, alternate. Stipules absent. Petiole 5-14 mm long. Leaf blades linear to very narrow-elliptic to very narrow oblanceolate, falcate, 4-12 cm long, 0.5-1.2 cm wide, base attenuate, margin entire, apex acuminate, acute or sometimes obtuse, with hooked mucro. Lateral veins 8-11 pairs. Both surfaces hairless.


Inflorescence appearing axillary (cited as terminal on short lateral shoots in Cayzer et al. 2000), solitary or in clusters. Flowers appearing bisexual but functionally unisexual and plants dioecious, 5-merous, fragrant. Pedicels up to 10 mm long. Sepals ovate, free or shortly connate at base, c. 2.5 mm long, becoming recurved at anthesis, green. Corolla tubular (usually for > half length) with lobes strongly reflexed or recurved, up to 10 mm long; petals free at base and cohering in upper half  of tube, creamy yellow. Male flowers in clusters of c. 4, sometimes with more than one cluster in an axil; stamens 5, alternating with petals, at least partially exserted; pistil small, ovary rarely producing fertile ovules, stigma not lobed. Female flowers solitary or paired, staminodes 5 with very small anthers, not exserted; ovary superior, unilocular but may appear 2-3 locular with raised placental ridges creating incomplete partitions; stigma 2- or 3-lobed.


Fruit fleshy, a dehiscent capsule, globose, 8-15 mm long, 8-16 mm wide, yellow to orange. Seeds numerous, up to 6 per locule, 4-5 mm long, orange to dark red or brown, seeds with ± fleshy outer surface cohering in a sticky mass.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CEQ, widespread in woodland and mallee communities, but also occasionally found in association with vine thickets. Widely distributed throughout Australia (Qld, NSW, Vic., SA, WA and NT) but not yet recorded in rainforest communities in other areas covered by this key.

Natural History & Notes

This profile information and associated coding has been adapted from Cayzer et al. (2000) and Harden et al. (2014).

Pittosporum roeanum Putt., Synopsis Pittosporearum: 16, (1839). Type: "In Novae-Hollandiae austro-occidentalis colonia Swan River legit cl. Roë. v.s. " Pittosporum longifolium Putt., Synopsis Pittosporearum: 15, (1839). Type: "In Novae-Hollandiae austro-occidentalis colonia Swan-River legit Cl. Roë. v.s." Pittosporum acacioides A.Cunn., Annals of Natural History 4: 109, adnot., (1839). Type: "In ora meridional: - 1802, R. Brown, necon in interiore, in desertis prope flumen Lachlan - 1817, A. Cunningham." Pittosporum lanceolatum A.Cunn., nom. inval., nom. nud, Journal of an Expedition into the Interior of Tropical Australia: 27, (1848). Pittosporum phillyreoides var. microcarpa S.Moore, Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 35: 163, (1897). Type: "Salt-bush plain, south of Doyle's Well, near Mt. Malcolm." Pittosporum salicinum Lindl., Journal of an Expedition into the Interior of Tropical Australia: 97, (1848). Type: (none cited), pro parte taxonomic synonym.
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.