Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Pittosporum ferrugineum Dryand. ex W.T.Aiton
Dryander, J. in Aiton, W.T. (1811) Hortus Kewensis 2: 27. Type: Cultivated K, Nat. of Guinea. Introd. before 1787, by the Earl of Tankerville. Fide Cooper (1956).
A small tree not exceeding 30 cm dbh. Blaze odour resembles that of Lime (Citrus aurantifolia) or Western Lime (Eremocitrus glauca).
Sepals linear to linear-lanceolate, about 2.5-3.5 x 0.6-1.2 mm. Petals about 7-9 x 1.2-1.5 mm. Stamens about 4-6.5 mm long. Ovary about 3-4 x 0.8-2 mm.
Capsules globose, 2-valved, about 7-10 mm diam. Valves less than 1 mm thick. Placentas with funicles attached from the base to the middle. Seeds about 15-16, aril or sarcotesta sticky.
Cotyledons narrowly ovate to linear, about 12-22 mm long. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or obovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, upper surface glabrous or with a few hairs near the base on the midrib; petiole, stem and terminal bud clothed in pale brown, mostly prostrate hairs. Cataphylls may be present at about the 9th-12th leaf stage. Crushed roots have an odour like Lime. Seed germination time 36 to 72 days.
This small tree has potential in horticulture and is noted for ease of culture, the masses of small white flowers and the yellow fruits.
This species has been used as a fish poison and in the treatment of malaria.