Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Planchonella cotinifolia (A.DC.) Dubard var. cotinifolia


Royen, P. (1955) Blumea 8: 296.

Common name

Small-Leaved Plum; Yellow Lemon; Small-Leaved Coondoo


A small trees 2-10 m, often multistemmed, usually less than 30 cm dbh. Bark exudate slow and meagre.


Leaves small, leaf blade +/- spathulate, about 3-4 cm long. Petioles and twigs produce a milky exudate. About 4-6 lateral veins on each side of the midrib. Mature leaves glabrous.


Calyx green but outer surface densely clothed in brown hairs, inner surface glabrous, outer sepals broadly ovate, 1.5-2.5 x about 2 mm. Corolla 7-8 mm long. Stamens inserted in the upper half of the corolla, filaments about 1.5 mm long, anthers about 1 mm long. Staminodes pyramidal-oblong, about 1 mm long. Ovary 1-1.5 mm long, base surrounded by the disk. Style 6-8 mm long.


Fruits ellipsoid-ovoid, 10-15 x 5-7 mm, style remnant 3-7 mm long. Seeds 1-4 per fruit, ellipsoid, about 10 x 4 mm. Testa hard and woody, hilum about as long as the seed.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Probably endemic to Australia, occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from  near sea level to 520 m. Grows in monsoon forest and vine thickets among rocks.

Natural History & Notes

Closely related to Planchonella pubescens and distinguished by the glabrous underside of mature leaves.


Planchonella cotinifolia (A.DC.) Dubard, Annales du Musee Colonial de Marseille ser. 2, 10 : 56 (1912). Xantolis cotinifolia (A.DC.) Baehni, Boissiera 11 : 22(1965). Pouteria cotinifolia (A.DC.) Baehni, Candollea 9 : 377(1942). Achras cotinifolia (A.DC.) F.Muell., Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano 3 : 31(1871). Sersalisia cotinifolia (A.DC.) F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 161(1865). Sideroxylon cotinifolium (A.DC.) Eichler, Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien Nachtrage zu 4(1) : 276(1897). Hormogyne cotinifolia A.DC., Prodromus 8: 176(1844), Type: in montibus ad Moreton-bay, Novae Hollandiae orient, sub latit. 28 deg [C.Baehni, Candollea 9 (1942) 377; Qld, Moreton Bay, Cunningham.

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