Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Planchonella cotinifolia var. pubescens P.Royen

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Royen, P. (1957) Blumea 8: 296. Type: Queensland, Duaringa, mixed softwood forest, 23 Nov. 1943, C.T.White 12462; holo: L; iso: BRI.

Common name

Yellow Lemon; Plum, Small-leaved; Small Leaved Coondoo; Small-leaved Plum


A small tree, often multistemmed, usually less than 30 cm dbh. Bark exudate slow and meagre.


Leaves small, leaf blade +/- spathulate, about 3-4 cm long. Petioles and twigs produce a milky exudate. About 4-6 lateral veins on each side of the midrib. Mature leaves densely yellowish hairy beneath, sparsely hairy above.


Calyx green but outer surface densely clothed in brown hairs, inner surface glabrous, outer sepals broadly ovate, 1.5-2.5 x about 2 mm. Corolla 7-8 mm long. Stamens inserted in the upper half of the corolla, filaments about 1.5 mm long, anthers about 1 mm long. Staminodes pyramidal-oblong, about 1 mm long. Ovary 1-1.5 mm long, base surrounded by the disk. Style 6-8 mm long.


Fruits ellipsoid-ovoid, 10-15 x 5-7 mm, style remnant 3-7 mm long. Seeds 1-4 per fruit, ellipsoid, about 10 x 4 mm. Testa hard and woody, hilum about as long as the seed.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from 300-800 m. Grows in monsoon forest and vine thickets among rocks.

Natural History & Notes

Closely related to Planchonella cotinifolia and distinguished by the dense, yellowish hairs on the underside of mature leaves.


Planchonella pubescens (P.Royen) Swenson, Bartish & MunzingerTaxon 56(2): 351 (2007). Pouteria cotinifolia var. pubescens (P.Royen) Jessup, Austrobaileya 6: 162 (2001).

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