Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Podocarpus grayae de Laub.

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Leaves, receptacle and fruit. © B. Gray
Leaves and male cones. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Laubenfels, D.J. de (1985) Blumea 30: 275. Type: Brass 20203 (holo, L; iso A, BRI, K), Annan R., Cape York, N. Queensland.

Common name

Pine, Brown; Pine, Northern Brown; Northern Brown Pine; Brown Pine; Weeping Brown pine


Living bark very strong and fibrous. Blaze finely layered and dead bark layered.


Leaves pendulous, rather long, about 15-25 cm. Midrib raised on the upper surface and petiole ridged down the middle on the upper surface. No lateral veins visible on either side of the midrib.


Male cones about 20-60 x 3-5 mm. Peduncle nil or up to 1 mm long. Cones usually in clusters of about 1-4. Microsporophylls about 1.5 mm long.


Receptacle large and fleshy, about 15-18 x 16-17 mm, red when the fruit is ripe. Fruits about 10-16 x 7-12 mm. Seeds about 9-14 x 6-9 mm.


Cotyledons linear, about 15 x 2 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade linear, apex aristate, base attenuate, glabrous, midrib slightly raised on the upper surface, no lateral veins visible. Cataphylls produced among the true leaves. Seed germination time 38 to 63 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and the northern part of CEQ on Mt Elliot. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1000 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.

Natural History & Notes

This species makes a fine potted plant for indoors.

The timber of this species is useful and can be used for much the same purposes as Prumnopitys amara. Swain (1928).

Wood specific gravity 0.55. Cause et al. (1989).

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